Warren Wilson College Catalog 04-05

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Environmental Studies

Environmental Studies Department Website

Faculty: Paul Bartels, Amy E. Boyd, Mark Brenner, John W. Brock (Chair), Gregory Ettl, Dean Kahl, Franklin A. Kalinowski, Martha L. Knight-Oakley, Laura Lengnick, Mallory McDuff, Edward O. Raiola, Louise Weber

Warren Wilson College's Department of Environmental Studies offers courses in the natural and social sciences with abundant natural resources on and near campus. Courses and work crews give Environmental Studies students a balance of theory, first-hand knowledge, and field experience. Internships off campus are also encouraged. Graduates are prepared for advanced study or various job markets after completing their bachelors' degrees.

Interests of students majoring in Environmental Studies vary from forestry, conservation biology, environmental chemistry, and soil science to economics and business, environmental policy, education, park interpretation, community activism, journalism, art, and urban gardening. Students may elect to major or minor in Environmental Studies. Successful programs most often result when students, with the help of an advisor, begin planning coursework and identifying goals during the freshman year.

Majors and Minors Program Proposal Requirement: Students wishing to major or minor in Environmental Studies must turn in a proposal that is written in consultation with a faculty advisor. This proposal, which identifies academic goals and lists courses and internships to be completed, must be approved by the Environmental Studies faculty before the student can be formally accepted into the program. Students must submit program proposals at least one month before pre-registration during the second semester of the sophomore year or, for transfer students, by the beginning of the second semester of the junior year. At this time students must also complete a declaration of major form at the registrar's office and declare their concentration within Environmental Studies.

Six concentrations plus an option for a self-designed concentration are available. All students must complete the required core courses for ENS majors and complete a total of 68 credits for the major. The required courses for each concentration are listed on the next few pages. Self-designed concentrations sometimes combine two concentrations and take most of the courses from each, or combine the major courses from two majors. Any self-designed concentration must be at least as rigorous as the existing concentrations. Courses that may be accepted as electives with the ENS major are those with ENS or BIO course descriptions, or have the word "environment" in the title, or fit into the proposed program of study specific to the environmental career a student has in mind. For instance, EDU courses may be appropriate electives for environmental education students, but probably not for sustainable forestry students.

Degrees Offered: The standard degree for an Environmental Studies major is Bachelor of Arts, but because there is room for several options and electives within each concentration, a Bachelor of Science can be earned as an alternative.

A Bachelor of Science degree can be earned by students in any concentration if they meet the course requirements for their concentration and

  1. Take one semester each at the college level of calculus and statistics;
  2. Take a minimum of 24 credits of a 200-level or above laboratory science courses; and
  3. Complete and pass the Natural Science Seminar sequence of courses.*

*See Natural Sciences listing for requirements for the Natural Sciences Seminar and Seminar Presentation. Students planning to complete a Natural Sciences Seminar should take SCI 390 Research Design, preferably during first semester of the junior year.

Major in Environmental Studies

Grades: All coursework must be completed with a minimum average of C. Courses in concentrations or electives must be completed with a minimum average of C-.

Requirements: A minimum of 68 credits as follows:

  1. Required courses for all ENS Majors
    BIO 116 General Biology
    BIO 202 Ecology
    CHM 116 General Chemistry I
    MAT 141 Statistics
    OR
    MAT 241 Calculus I (MAT 241 and 242 Calculus I and II are recommended for majors contemplating graduate work in environmental studies.)
    ENS 116 Introduction to Environmental Studies
    ENS 245 Environmental Politics and Political Theory
    OR
    PSC 245 Environmental Politics in Global Perspectives
    PHI 252 Environmental Ethics
    OR
    REL 312 Religion, Nature, and the Environment.

  2. Courses within the concentration (15 to 29 credits): courses vary depending on the concentration. See below for a list of concentrations.
  3. Electives (11 to 24 credits depending on concentration)

Concentrations

Conservation Biology

Required Courses

BIO 322 Genetics
CHM 117 General Chemistry II
ENS 235 Conservation and Wildlife Biology
SCI 390 Research Design
SCI 486-489 Natural Sciences Seminar Research
SCI 491 or 492 Natural Sciences Seminar Attendance
SCI 493 Natural Sciences Research Communication

One from each of the following three divisions:

  1. BIO 219 Plant Morphology and Anatomy
    BIO 345 Developmental Biology
    BIO 351 Mammalian Physiology
    BIO 435 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
  2. BIO 235 Vertebrate Zoology
    BIO 241 Invertebrate Zoology
    BIO 377 Evolutionary Biology
  3. BIO 377 Evolutionary Biology (if not taken above)
    OR
    BIO 341 Plant Taxonomy
    ENS 233 Forest Biology

Electives within the ENS major (minimum 11 credits)

Environmental Chemistry

Required Courses

CHM 117 General Chemistry II
CHM 225 Organic Chemistry I
CHM 321 Analytical Chemistry
CHM 450 Advanced Environmental Chemistry
ENS 302 Aquatic Ecology and Water Pollution
ENS 330 Soil Science
SCI 390 Research Design
SCI 486-489 Natural Sciences Seminar Research
SCI 491 or 492 Natural Sciences Seminar Attendance
SCI 493 Natural Sciences Research Communication

Electives within the ENS major (minimum 10.5 credits)

Environmental Education

Required Courses

ENS 126 Introduction to Environmental Education
ENS 205 Environmental History of the United States
ENS 426 Methods and Materials in Environmental Education
ENS 485 Environmental Studies Internship
ODL 320 Program Planning and Design

Electives within the ENS major (minimum 22 credits)

Environmental Policy

Required Courses

ECO 201 Microeconomics
ECO 380 Environmental and Ecological Economics
ENS 205 Environmental History of the United States
ENS 350 Environmental Impact Assessment
OR
ENS 425 Sustainable Development and the Politics of Growth
OR
ENS 451 Community and Land Use Planning
ENS 421 Environmental Policy
PSC 151 Introduction to American Government
SCI 491 or 492 Natural Sciences Seminar (Attendance Only)
ENS 485 Environmental Studies Internship
OR
SCI 390 Research Design AND
SCI 486-489 Natural Sciences Seminar Research
SCI 493 Natural Sciences Research Communication

Electives within the ENS major (minimum 13 credits)

Sustainable Agriculture

Required Courses:

ENS 196 Introduction to Sustainable Agriculture
ENS 250 Principles and Practices of Farm Production
ENS 260 Sustainable Agriculture Practicum
SCI 390 Research Design
SCI 486-489 Natural Sciences Seminar Research
SCI 491 or 492 Natural Sciences Seminar Attendance
SCI 493 Natural Sciences Research Communication

Electives within the ENS major (minimum 25 credits)

Suggested Electives for Natural Science emphasis in Sustainable Agriculture:

BIO 178 Introduction to Animal Science
BIO 241 Invertebrate Zoology
BIO 322 Genetics
BIO 347 Microbiology
BIO 351 Mammalian Physiology
CHM 117 General Chemistry II
CHM 225 Organic Chemistry I
CHM 226 Organic Chemistry II
ENS 330 Soil Science
ENS 341 Agroecology
MAT 241 Calculus I
MAT 242 Calculus II
PHY 251 Physics I

Suggested Electives for a Social Science emphasis in Sustainable Agriculture:

ANT 390 ST: Traditional Agriculture Systems
ECO 380 Environmental and Ecological Economics
ECO 383 Economic Growth and Development
ENS 293 Environmental Attitudes, Values, and Behavior
ENS 350 Environmental Impact Assessment
ENS 425 Sustainable Development and the Politics of Growth
ENS 451 Community and Land Use Planning
PSC 257 International Relations
PSY 231 Research Methods in Social Science
PSY 318 Social Psychology
SOC 215 Women and Society
SOC 271 Environmental Sociology
SOC 402 Sociology/Anthropology Research Craft

Suggested Electives for a Humanities emphasis in Sustainable Agriculture:

ENG 337 Romanticism
ENG 338 Literature and Culture of the Victorian Period
ENG 339 Modernism
ENS 205 Environmental History of the United States
ENS 293 Environmental Attitudes, Values, and Behavior
INT 325 Great Books I
PHI 255 Philosophy of Science and Logic
REL 255 Contemporary Christian Thought and Experience
WRI 213 Creative Writing: Creative Nonfiction
WRI 220 Writing About Place

Sustainable Forestry

Required Courses:

CHM 117 General Chemistry II
ENS 233 Forest Biology
ENS 333 Introduction to Forest Management
ENS 334 Silviculture
SCI 390 Research Design
SCI 486-489 Natural Sciences Seminar Research
SCI 491 or 492 Natural Sciences Seminar Attendance
SCI 493 Natural Sciences Research Communication

Electives within the ENS major (minimum 20 credits)

Many potential options exist beyond what has been outlined here. For example, a program geared toward urban gardening for youth might incorporate courses from Education, Environmental Education, Outdoor Leadership, or Social Work. A program anticipating international development work might incorporate several language courses.

Students may design their own concentrations in consultation with, and upon the conditional approval of, department faculty.

Almost all ENS or Biology courses not taken for requirements or any course with the word "environment" in the title count as electives.

Honors Program: Graduation in Environmental Studies with Honors is possible for students who qualify. See description under Natural Sciences listings.

Minor in Environmental Studies

Requirements: The following courses must be completed with a minimum of a C average. An internship is suggested, and a program proposal for the minor is required.

ENS 116 Introduction to Environmental Studies
BIO 116 General Biology
BIO 202 Ecology
Plus 12 additional credits of Environmental Studies.
CHM 116 General Chemistry I is recommended.