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Table of Contents: 2014-2015 Warren Wilson College Catalog 0.1 Academic Calendar 0.2 Warren Wilson College Catalog 0.3 From the President 0.4 Accreditation and Licensure 0.5 Table of Contents 1.01 Mission, Values, Objectives, and Vision 1.02 The Triad 1.03 History 1.04 Undergraduate Admission 1.05 Financial Aid 1.06 Withdrawal and Return of Aid Policy 1.07 Student Life 1.08 Pew Learning Center and Ellison Library 1.09 Educational Resources and Services 1.10 Academic Advising 2.1 Triad Education Program 2.1.1 Academics 2.1.2 Work Program 2.1.3 Service Program 2.2 Baccalaureate Degree Requirements 2.3 Academic Policies and Regulations 3 Programs of Study 3.2 Undergraduate Programs of Study 3.2.01 Africana Studies 3.2.02 Art 3.2.03 Biology 3.2.04 Chemistry 3.2.05 Creative Writing 3.2.06 Education 3.2.07 English 3.2.08 Environmental Studies 3.2.09 Gender and Women's Studies 3.2.10 Global Studies 3.2.11 History and Political Science 3.2.12 Integrative Studies 3.2.13 Mathematics 3.2.14 Modern Languages 3.2.15 Music 3.2.16 Outdoor Leadership 3.2.17 Peace and Justice Studies 3.2.18 Philosophy 3.2.19 Physics 3.2.20 Psychology 3.2.21 Religious Studies 3.2.22 Social Work 3.2.23 Sociology/Anthropology 3.2.24 Theatre 3.2.25 Women's Studies 3.2.26 Writing 3.3 Graduate Program 3.3.1 Master of Fine Arts in Creative Writing 4.01 Courses of Instruction 4.02 Anthropology (ANT) 4.03 Art (ART) 4.04 Biology (BIO) 4.05 Business (BA) 4.06 Chemistry (CHM) 4.07 Economics (ECO) 4.08 Education (EDU) 4.09 English (ENG) 4.10 Environmental Studies (ENS) 4.11 Gender and Women's Studies (GDS) 4.12 Global Studies (GBL) 4.13 History (HIS) 4.14 Interdepartmental (INT) 4.15 Modern Languages (LAN) 4.16 Mathematics (MAT) 4.17 Music (MUS) 4.18 Outdoor Leadership (ODL) 4.19 Peace and Justice Studies (PAX) 4.20 Philosophy (PHI) 4.21 Physical Education (PED) 4.22 Physics (PHY) 4.23 Political Science (PSC) 4.24 Psychology (PSY) 4.25 Religious Studies (REL) 4.26 Science (SCI) 4.27 Social Work (SWK) 4.28 Sociology (SOC) 4.29 Theatre (THR) 4.30 Writing (WRI) 5.1 Administration and Staff 5.2 2014 - 2015 Undergraduate Faculty 5.3 Graduate Faculty 6.1 Board of Trustees 6.2 Alumni Board 6.3 Endowed Scholarships


Robert A Eckstein
Biology and Animal Science

Robert Eckstein Address:
WWC CPO 6013
PO Box 9000
Asheville, NC 28815-9000

Phone: 828.771.3777

Email: eckstein@warren-wilson.edu

View Bio

4.04 Biology (BIO)

Course meets Triad Education Program Requirement in specified area.

Biology Program of Study

Link to Biology Program of Study

BIO 102 - Field Natural History 4cr

This course covers methods and concepts facilitating the study and appreciation of natural history. Most weekly lab sessions are in the field to investigate various ecosystems and their inhabitants. Course topics may include forest succession, edible wild plants, field ecology methods, ponds and streams, and the use of identification keys, topographic maps, and collecting equipment. Each student conducts a detailed natural history project on a topic of interest. Designed for non-science majors and does not count towards the BIO or ENS major.

Natural Science

BIO 109 - Human Biology 4cr

This course considers humans as a biological species. Topics include human anatomy and physiology, basic biochemistry and cell biology, genetics, human reproduction and development, immunology and infectious disease, nutrition, pharmacology, and the evolution of humans as a species. The biological understanding of what unites all humans and what accounts for our differences serves as a common theme. Ways in which an understanding of human biology can inform opinions on contemporary issues facing us as a society, as well as personal choices regarding our own health are explored. Designed for non-science majors and does not count toward the BIO or ENS major.

Natural Science

BIO 116 - General Biology 4cr

This course introduces students to the fundamental properties of living things on our planet. Topics include the concepts of genetics, biochemistry, cell biology, plant and animal physiology, and evolution. A survey of the diversity of life is included. The process of scientific investigation is stressed throughout the course and practiced in weekly laboratory exercises. This course is a prerequisite for all upper-level biology courses and is not intended for students whose major interests lie outside the sciences.

Natural Science

Prerequisite: Placement in or above CHM 116 General Chemistry I or completion of CHM 103 Principles of Chemistry.

BIO 202 - Ecology 4cr

Ecology is the study of interactions of organisms with one another and with the physical world. This course covers the ways in which individual species, populations, communities, ecosystems and landscapes are characterized and analyzed, both quantitatively and qualitatively. Some of the various factors that affect the number and distribution of organisms are explored through a combination of lecture and regular laboratory exercise.

Natural Science

Prerequisites: BIO 116 General Biology and CHM 116 General Chemistry I. CHM 116 General Chemistry I may be taken concurrently.

BIO 208 - Cell Biology 4cr

This course provides a general overview of the cell as the fundamental unit of life. Beginning with the role of cells in determining the properties and behaviors of tissues, the course moves on to describe how the cytoskeleton, membranes, and organelles interact to generate the universal properties of life. Special emphasis is given to cell communication and protein function. Half the class time is devoted to lecture and discussion and half to laboratory exercises involving the fundamental techniques of cell study.

Natural Science

Prerequisite: BIO 116 General Biology and CHM 117 General Chemistry II.

BIO 217 - Introduction to Animal Science 4cr

This course focuses on the biology, husbandry, and human uses of domestic animals and is of special interest to pre-veterinary students and to those interested in small-scale animal agriculture. Topics include domestication, reproduction, basic genetics, artificial selection and breeding, animal health and disease, the husbandry (management) of major domesticated animal species, and animal welfare. Laboratory exercises and field trips are incorporated into the schedule.

Natural Science

Prerequisite: BIO 116 General Biology.

BIO 219 - Plant Morphology and Anatomy 4cr

This course is a survey of the internal and external forms of plants, fungi, and algae, with emphasis on vascular plants. Adaptive strategies and the structures that pertain to these strategies are emphasized. Laboratory work is designed to familiarize students with anatomical and morphological features and provide skills useful in plant identification.

Natural Science

Prerequisite: BIO 116 General Biology and BIO 202 Ecology. BIO 202 Ecology may be taken concurrently.

BIO 229 - Field Mycology 2cr

Our region has one of the highest diversities of fleshy fungi of anywhere in North America, and much of this course focuses on identifying the major genera and species that inhabit this area. During the course, students make several forays into the field to collect samples. In addition to identification, students also learn about fungal growth and reproduction, fungal ecology, and uses of fungi for food and medicine. Although edibility of wild mushrooms is discussed and students have the opportunity to sample some edible species that are found, this course is not intended to make students experts on identification of mushrooms for human consumption. This course includes a mandatory weekend field trip.

Prerequisite: BIO 116 General Biology, and BIO 202 Ecology or ENS 201 Applied Ecology.

BIO 235 - Vertebrate Zoology 4cr

This course provides a taxonomic and evolutionary survey of all the vertebrate groups (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals) on a local and worldwide basis. Special consideration is given to salamanders and the conservation status of each vertebrate group. Students learn laboratory techniques and skills in field collection and identification through weekly labs.

Natural Science

Prerequisite: BIO 116 General Biology and BIO 202 Ecology. BIO 202 Ecology may be taken concurrently.

BIO 241 - Invertebrate Zoology 4cr

Animals without backbones make up 98 percent of all animals of earth and include the insects and most of the salt-water phyla. This course examines the identification, taxonomy, evolution, morphology, ecology, and behavior of this diverse group of animals. Laboratory exercises and collecting trips to the field are employed as a regular part of the course. A weekend field trip is required.

Natural Science

Prerequisite: BIO 116 General Biology and BIO 202 Ecology. BIO 202 Ecology may be taken concurrently.

BIO 322 - Genetics 4cr

This course provides a basic understanding of the nature of genes, the ways they are regulated, and their patterns of inheritance. It focuses primarily on the molecular understanding of genetics, but also introduces the ways in which genes determine an organism's form and function, as well as their role in evolution and speciation. Current molecular methods for analyzing genes are studied through their application to problems in clinical science and conservation biology. Class time is split evenly between laboratory exercises and lecture/discussion.

Natural Science

Prerequisites: BIO 116 General Biology.

BIO 342 - Plant Physiology 4cr

This course is for students interested in the interaction between plants and the environment. Topics covered include structure and cell physiology, photosynthesis, respiration and metabolism, secondary metabolites, hormones and development, stress physiology, and plant biotechnology. The weekly laboratory for this course involves exercises on plant cell structures, photosynthesis, secondary metabolites, plant hormones, and phytochromes.

Prerequisite: BIO 116 General Biology and BIO 202 Ecology or BIO 322 Genetics. BIO 202 Ecology and/or BIO 322 Genetics may be taken concurrently.

BIO 345 - Developmental Biology 4cr

Animals must develop organs and internal systems of immense complexity from the beginnings of a single cell. In this course, animal development is covered from gametogenesis through fertilization, cleavage, gastrulation, organogenesis, germination, hatching (or birth), growth, and maturation. Some of the molecular genetic mechanisms responsible for establishing pattern formation and cellular fate and differentiation are covered as well. The special functions of mammalian fetal organ systems are also described.

Natural Science

Prerequisites: BIO 116 General Biology, CHM 117 General Chemistry II, and either BIO 208 Cell Biology or BIO 322 Genetics.

BIO 348 - Animal Behavior 4cr

Natural selection has created diversity in a variety of animal traits that aid in survival and reproduction, including the behavioral patterns and strategies used by animals. In this course, the theoretical foundations for the evolution of behavior are presented, including such topics as foraging, defense, aggression, dominance, cooperation, altruism, courtship, parental care, and communication. Techniques used in the study of animal behavior are presented in the lab, and students conduct a small-scale study on a locally available animal species.

Natural Science

Prerequisites: BIO 116 General Biology and BIO 202 Ecology.

BIO 349 - Herpetology 4cr

In this course, students become familiar with the study and diversity of amphibians and reptiles. The course covers the current understanding of amphibian and reptile taxonomy, taxonomic relationship, and placement within the vertebrate tree of life. During this time, students also become familiar with the unique characteristics of each group. Through the course, students learn important herpetology techniques, such as local species identification and proper survey and capture methods.

Prerequisites: BIO 116 General Biology and BIO 202 Ecology.

BIO 351 - Mammalian Physiology 4cr

This course examines the function of mammalian body systems (such as the circulatory, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and nervous systems), on the levels of cellular function, organ function, and whole system function. The physiology of mammals is the focus of the course, but comparisons are drawn to other vertebrates. Regular laboratory exercises are used to reinforce important concepts, but no labs will cause harm to any live animals.

Natural Science

Prerequisites: BIO 116 General Biology, CHM 117 General Chemistry II, and either BIO 208 Cell Biology or BIO 322 Genetics.

BIO 402 - Evolutionary Biology 4cr

Evolution is the underlying principle of biology; nothing in biology makes sense without it. A rigorous, comprehensive introduction to this vast and crucial field, this course covers the history of Darwinism, natural selection, evolutionary genetics, paleontology, processes of macroevolution, the origin of life, and human evolution.

Natural Science

Prerequisite: BIO 116 General Biology and BIO 322 Genetics.

BIO 435 - Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 4cr

In this course, the functional morphology, development, and anatomical adaptations of vertebrates are studied through a comparative approach. For each major body system, students consider the relationship between form and function, developmental origins, and evolutionary history. In the laboratory, students examine the anatomy of selected protochordates and conduct an in-depth dissection of the domestic cat.

Natural Science

Prerequisite: BIO 116 General Biology and junior or senior standing.

BIO 440 - Plant Taxonomy 4cr

This course acquaints students with aspects of modern plant taxonomy, focusing on families of flowering plants. Students become familiar with characteristics of various plant taxa and techniques and terminology needed to distinguish among them. Vegetative and reproductive morphology, floral dissections, and the use of keys are emphasized, but current approaches, such as molecular taxonomy and phylogenetics, are also included. The history and rationale of various taxonomic approaches are discussed, emphasizing the evolutionary relationships among taxa. A plant collection is required.

Natural Science

Prerequisite: BIO 116 General Biology and BIO 202 Ecology.

BIO 450 - Microbiology 4cr

This course covers the diversity of the microbial world and explores some of the ways it is studied. Organisms covered include the viruses, bacteria, archea, protists, algae, and fungi. A recurring theme is how an understanding of the microbial world challenges our metazoan biases about systematics, cell biology, biochemistry, evolution, and genetics. Infectious diseases are studied as problems in evolution and ecology. Class time is split evenly between laboratory exercises and lecture/discussion.

Natural Science

Prerequisites: BIO 116 General Biology and, CHM 117 General Chemistry II, and BIO 322 Genetics.

Course meets Triad Education Program Requirement in specified area.