6-24-99, we worked in the rain all morning.
But we got a lot done. We started out this morning by having a discussion
on projectile points up in the lab. We didn't want the
rain to mess up any of our squares that we have been working in, so David
decided that we should open up a brand new square and just shovel and sift
plowzone. So we opened
square 20R200, which is just north of square 10R200. We actually
did not find much other than a few pieces of pottery, but we are confident
that there will be more.
Since there aren't many interesting
pictures today, I thought that I would draw one and explain plowzone, midden,
and subsoil. Plowzone is the soil that, at one time or another has
been plowed. This means that any artifacts that are found here are
in a disturbed context. When we are sifting the plowzone from a specific
square, all of the artifacts go into one bag just labeled 'Plowzone'.
The subsoil is the soil beneath the
plowzone. This means that it is undisturbed and that any artifacts
found here are 'in situ', or in the same place as they were left hundreds
of years ago. These artifacts go into their own bags with the exact
horizontal and vertical positions labeled on the bag.
The wavy line across the center of
the picture that goes through the plowzone and the subsoil represents the
actual floor of the Pisgah village. In most cases, the floor has
been plowed up. However, postholes that were dug from the original
village surface usually go into the subsoil which means that we can see
them once the plowzone is excavated.
This is how we identify houses and palisades.
The midden is a dark, organic soil
that is the result of debris left by humans living there. Occasionally
we find midden associated with houses that is below the plowzone and undisturbed.
The artifacts from the midden are treated the same way as artifacts from
Click on the picture above!