Helpful Hints for Dealing with Nausea and/or Diarrhea
Viruses are the usual cause of vomiting and diarrhea. These illnesses are usually self-limiting, which means the symptoms will resolve on their own in a few days. Occasionally, these viruses may also cause headaches, body aches, and fever.
For nausea and vomiting
- Don't try to eat or drink anything while you are vomiting frequently.
- When your stomach begins to settle, try SIPS of clear liquids only.
-Examples of clear liquids include: ice water, soft drinks, tea, Kool-Aid, ice popsicles, sports drinks, Jell-O. No alcoholic beverages.
- If you are doing well with sips, try to start drinking larger amounts frequently. It is important to try to replace the fluids you have lost through vomiting and/or diarrhea.
- When you are tolerating fluids well and have not had any vomiting for at last 8 hours, you can try the BRAT diet.
-The BRAT diet consists of: Bananas, Rice, Applesauce, and Toast. No butter or jelly, please. You can also try bagels, saltine crackers, and baked potatoes. No cream soups, meats, vegetables, and/or salads.
- When you are doing well on the BRAT diet for at least 24 hours, you can gradually begin eating a regular diet. You should avoid any dairy products and fried foods for another day or two.
- You may try over-the-counter medications such as Dramamine or Bonine (Meclizine) every 6-8 hours, as needed for nausea. Tylenol (acetaminophen) is a good choice for fever or aches because it is gentle on the stomach.
- Follow the clear liquids diet as long as you are having frequent watery stools. Beware sometimes sugar and caffeine may make diarrhea worse.
- As stools begin occuring less frequently, you can try the BRAT diet.
- When stools become soft and formed, you can gradually return to a regular diet. You should avoid dairy products and high roughage foods, such as bran, whole grains, and salads for a few more days.
- You may try over-the-counter medications, such as Imodium or Kaopectate. Be sure to follow the instructions on the box carefully.
SEEK MEDICAL HELP IF:
- Symptoms do not improve in 24-48 hours.
- Increasing weakness, dizziness, or passing out.
- Unable to tolerate sips of fluids for over 12 hours.
- Blood in the vomit or stool.
- Fever of 101 degrees Farenheit or above for more than 24 hours.
- Urine becomes dark or no urination for 12 hours or longer.
- If you have diabetes or other medical condition(s) that require daily medications.