ANTHROPOLOGY 200: Introduction to Anthropology

Study Guide #4: Kinship

  1. Terms
    KinshipSocial relations based on culturally recognized ties by descent and marriage
    ConsanguinityRelations that are the result of biology ("blood")
    AffinityRelations formed through marriage
    Cross-CousinsChildren of a parent's sibling of the opposite sex (MBD or FZD, MBS or FZS)
    Parallel-CousinsChildren of a parent's sibling of the same sex (MZD or FBD, MZS or FBS)
    DescentSocially recognized links between a person and his or her ancestors
    Unilineal DescentDescent traced through a single line, male or female
    Matrilineal DescentDescent traced through the female line
    Patrilineal DescentDescent traced through the male line
    Bilineal DescentDescent traced through the male line for some purposes and the female line for other purposes
    Ambilineal DescentTracing descent in which both male and female lines are recognized; it is up to the individual to choose between them
    Parallel DescentDescent traced through the female line only for women and the male line only for men
    Cognatic DescentDescent traced through all ancestors, male and female
    LineageA group of kin who can trace descent from a common ancestor or ancestors through known links
    ClanA group of kin who believe themselves to be descended from a common ancestor but cannot specify the actual links back to that ancestor
    PhratryOne of three or more social units within a society; normally composed of several clans
    MoietiesTwo distinct, intermarrying unilineal descent groups dividing a society that perform reciprocal functions for each other
    EndogamyA pattern, preference, or requirement that marriage be within a social group, class, or category
    ExogamyA pattern, preference, or requirement that marriage be outside a social group, class, or category
  2. Kinship diagrams and abbreviations
    F=FatherM=MotherC=Child
    S=SonD=DaughterB=Brother
    Z=SisterH=HusbandW=Wife
    Circle = female
    Triangle = male
    Square = unspecified gender/Ego
    filled in = dead
  3. Kin-Labeling Systems
  4. Kinship Metaphors




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